Database of U.S. Patents for Spiral Screwdrivers

Compiled by Clifford D. Fales

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PATENT 

DATE 

PATENT

NUMBER 

PATENTEE 
CITY 
PATENT ASSIGNED TO 
PATENT TITLE
COMMENTS 
TYPICAL MARKINGS 
10/04/1868 
80,583 
Allard, Isaac Belfast, ME   Screw Driver Earliest patent for a spiral screwdriver This patent appears on some ALLARD/HOWARD models which also show 11/24/1874 - (#157,087) & 03/01/1892 (#470,001) but 1868 patent features are not incorporated; see #157,087 & #470,001 " F. A. Howard / - Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Allard's Pat. Aug. 4, 1868 / Nov. 24. 1874" " F. A. Howard /- Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Pat'd / Aug. 4, 68 / Nov. 24. 74 / Mar. 1, 92:"
06/22/1869 
91,634 
Hofer, William New Haven, CT   Screw Driver    
11/24/1874 
157,087 
Allard, Isaac Belfast, ME   Screw-Drivers Earliest patent for a spiral screwdriver with a mechanical clutch Marketed as: Allard's Patent "F. A. Howard / - Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Allard's Pat. / Aug. 4, 1868 / Nov. 24, 1874" "F. A. Howard / - Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Pat'd Aug. 4, 68 / Nov. 24, 74 / Mar. 1, 92" "N. Y. M'f'g'r's Co. / New York / ELECTRIC / Pat. Nov. 24, 1874"
03/19/1878 
201,372 
West, Johathan B. Geneseo, NY   Screw-Driver    
08/01/1882 
261,925 
Herzig, Eduard Jersey CIty, NJ   SCREW DRIVER Earliest patent for spiral screwdriver interchangeable bit; Earliest patent for spiral screwdriver free collar  
12/12/1882 
268,938 
Reid, Alban H. Philadelphia, PA   BIT STOCK Manufactured in 2 sizes: No. 1 = 15.5"-26.5" / No. 2 = 12.5"-21" Advertised as "REID'S LIGHTNING BRACE" "H. REID / PHILA. PA / PAT. DEC. 12, 1882; "
05/22/1883 
278,261 
Olson, Christopher H. Decatur, IL   SCREW DRIVER One of four spiral screwdriver patents by same patentee as the commonly observed DECATUR COFFIN CO. screwdriver; see #306,096.  
07/15/1884 
301,915 
Olson, Christopher H. Decatur, IL   SCREW DRIVER One of four spiral screwdriver patents by same patentee as the commonly observed DECATUR COFFIN CO. screwdriver; see #306,096. Earliest patent for a bi-directional spiral screwdriver  
10/07/1884 
306,096 
Olson, Christopher H. Decatur, IL   SCREW DRIVER Most common DECATUR COFFIN CO. model Marketed as: Decatur Coffin, Eureka, Olson's Patent Manufactured in two sizes: No. 1 = __-14", No. 2 Several different handle styles were used "DECATUR COFFIN CO. / DECATUR, ILLS. / PAT. OCT 7 - 1884"
10/06/1885 
327,780 
Fellers, Noah McComb, OH   SCREW DRIVER    
04/06/1886 
339,277 
Doolittle, Joseph R. Southington, CT   SCREW DRIVER manufacturer unknown "PATD APR 6-86"
12/14/1886 
354,359 
Spencer, James C. Rochester, NY to James G. Smith, Jamestown, NY HANDLE FOR SCREW DRIVERS AND OTHER TOOLS    
01/04/1887 
355,392 
Fellers, Noah McComb, OH   SCREWDRIVER    
09/27/1887 
370,734 
Fryxell, John Moline, IL   RACHET SCREW DRIVER AND DRILL    
02/14/1888 
377,783 
Shaver, George Fredrick New York, NY   ROTARY TOOL DRIVER    
07/03/1888 
385,414 
Huber, George W. Philadelphia, PA   BRACE FOR SCREW DRIVERS, BITS, &c manufacturer unknown "G. W.HUBER PHILA. PA / PAT'D JULY - 3 -1888" "PAT'D JULY - 3 - 1888"
10/30/1888 
391,880 
Cashin, Michael New York, NY   SCREWDRIVER    
12/11/1888 
394,169 
Gosernd, Thorwald (Goserud) Sturgeon Bay, WI   DRILL    
04/16/1889
401,604 
Sutterly, Gilbert T, Philadelphia, PA   BRACE manufacturer unknown "PAT APR 16-1889" PAT / "PAT APP'D FOR"
04/30/1889 
402,538 
Olson, Christopher H. Decatur, IL Decatur Coffin Company, Decatur, IL TOOL DRIVER One of four spiral screwdriver patents by same patentee as the commonly observed DECATUR COFFIN CO. screwdriver; see #306,096.  
07/30/1889 
407,842 
Schuermann, Anton Decatur, IL   TOOL DRIVER Manufactured by H. Mueller Mfg. Co., Decatur, IL Commonly seen models do not resemble the patent illustration "H. Mueller Mfg. Co. / Decatur, Ill. / PAT. JULY 30, 1889" sometimes: "COMPLIMENTS OF H. MUELLER MFG. CO. / DECATUR, ILL. U.S.A. / (REGISTERED TRADE MARK) MAKERS OF GOOD / WATER, GAS & PLUMBER / SUPPLIES"
03/04/1890 
422,520 
Greene, Oliver Z. Decatur, IL   SCREW DRIVER only DECATUR COFFIN CO. patent which uses removable bit "EUREKA IMPROVED / PAT. MAR. 4 - 1890 / DECATUR COFFIN CO. / DECATUR, IL."
05/13/1890 
428,012 
Lucas, Joseph New York, NY   SCREWDRIVER    
06/24/1890 
430,901 
True, Harod H. Sioux City, IA to David S. Shellabarger, Sioux City, IA SCREW DRIVER    
07/22/1890 
432,729 
Goodell, Albert D, & Goodell, Henry E. Shelburne Falls, MA   SCREW DRIVER   "Goodell Pratt Co. Greenfield, Mass. / Patented July 22, 1890"
02/24/1891 
447,277 
Brown, Ellsworth Dayton, OH to James Hays, Dayton, OH PUSH SCREW DRIVER    
05/26/1891 
452,772 
Church, Walter A. Binghampton, NY Benjamin F. Watson &. Edward A.. Eggert, Buffalo, NY SCREW DRIVER    
06/30/1891 
454,929 
Day, John Q. Red Cliff, CO   SCREW DRIVER    
11/17/1891 
463,506 
Goodell, Albert D, & Goodell, Henry E. Shelburne Falls, MA   AUTOMATIC SCREW DRIVER   "Goodell Pratt Co. Greenfield, Mass. / Patented July 22, 1890 Nov. 17, 1891"
12/08/1891 
464,574 
Lyon, James Howard New London, CT   SCREW DRIVER    
02/16/1892 
468,969 
Swan, William B. Seymour, CT   TOOL HANDLE    
03/01/1892 
470,001 
Howard, Frank A. Belfast, ME   SCREW DRIVER Manufactured by F. A. Howard " Made by / F. A. Howard & Son / Belfast, Me. U.S.A. / Pat. Mar. 1, 1892" " F. A. Howard / - Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Pat'd Aug. 4, 68 / Nov. 24, 74 / Mar. 1, 92" "ELECTRIC / Pat. Mar. 1, 1892 / N.Y.M'f'g'r's, Co. / New York"
03/01/1892 
470,055 
Jones, James W. Belfast, ME to Frank A. Howard., Belfast, ME SCREW DRIVER Manufactured by F. A. Howard Marketed as: Jones' Reversible This was first reversible model in the ALLARD / HOWARD / JONES series Believed to be the first reversible spiral screwdriver marketed "F. A. Howard / - Maker - / Belfast, Me. / Jones' Pat. / Mar. 1, 1892"
03/08/1892 
470,176 
Burkhardt, Frank P. Spokane Falls, WA   MECHANICAL MOVEMENT    
10/11/1892 
484,004 
Gay, George E., & Parsons, John H. Augusta, ME   SCREW DRIVER    
12/13/1892 
487,946 
Edwards, Thomas, Jr. & Edwards, John J. Grand Rapids, MI   SCREW DRIVER This patent date does not appear on BOWSER models but may be related. This patent date does appear on spiral/ratchet screwdrivers signed UNIVERSAL TOOL CO., but the design does not follow this patent. See #520,519 "UNIVERSAL TOOL CO. / BATTLE CREEK, MICH. / TRADE MARK (UTCO) / PATD DEC 13, 1892 / PAT APPD FOR"
02/28/1893 
492,693 
McLoughlin, Thomas F. Leavenworth, KS   TOOL DRIVER    
09/19/1893 
505,165 
Hughes, John B. Denver, CO   COMBINATION SCREW DRIVER AND TOOL HANDLE    
02/27/1894 
515,327 
Eggert, Edward A. Buffalo, NY   SCREW DRIVER    
05/29/1894 
520,519 
Edwards, John J. Grand Rapids, MI Sylvanus F. Bowser & Allen A. Bowser, Ft. Wayne, IN SCREW DRIVER This patent date does not appear on BOWSER models but does match the design of one BOWSER model. See #487,946 "S. F. BOWSER & CO. / PATD. / FT. WAYNE, IND"
11/06/1894 
528,731 
Morrison, William J. Chicago, IL   COMBINATION TOOL HANDLE    
04/16/1895 
537,681 
Furbish, Zachary T. Augusta, ME   RATCHET FOR SCREW DRIVERS OR DRILLS This patent date appears on practicllly all of North Brothers spiral and ratchet products but was not assigned to NB at time of patent grant. "FOREST CITY SCREWDRIVER CO. / PAT APR 16 1895" "YANKEE / NO. 30 / NORTH BROTHERS MFG CO./ PHILA. PA. U.S.A. / PAT. APR 16, 1895"
07/23/1895 
543,096 
Jones, James W. Belfast, ME   SCREW DRIVER Sometimes marked with patent date only; Sometimes tube and barrel are NP brass Marketed as: Jones' Improved Reversible Made in 2 sizes: No. 1 = 11.25"-16.75", No. 2 = 10"-15" "Made by / F. A. Howard & Sons / Belfast, Me. U.S.A. / Pat. Mar. 1895"
09/29/1896 
568,341 
Edwards, Thomas, Jr. & Edwards, John J. Grand Rapids, MI   SCREW DRIVER This patent may be related to/manuf. by BOWSER See #520,519 & #487,946  
09/29/1896 
568,460 
Schay, Martin H. Tacoma, WA   SCREW DRIVER    
01/26/1897 
575,734 
Rauhoff, John M. Chicago, IL   DRILL OR SIMILAR TOOL    
10/24/1897 
588,879 
Rauhoff, John M. Chicago, IL to James Saunders, Marietta, GA TOOL    
10/05/1897 
591,097 
Goodell, Henry E. & Lanfair, Herbert D. Greenfield, MA Goodell Brothers Company REVERSIBLE AUTOMATIC SCREW DRIVER   "Goodell Brothers Company / Greenfield, Mass. U.S.A. / Pat. Oct. 5, 1897"
11/02/1897 
593,157 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA RATCHET MECHANISM The second of many Furbish patents assigned to North Brothers; this patent cover multiple features (ratchet SD, spiral SD, spiral SD/drill, continuous rh motion from double reciprocating motion, spiral SD w/ratchet SD "YANKEE ' / NORTH BROS. MFG. CO. / PHILADELPHIA, PA. U.S.A. / PATENTED / NOV. 2, 1897
01/25/1898 
597,766 
Furbish, Zachary T. Portland, ME North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA RATCHET TOOL    
03/21/1899 
621,401 
Davis, Leonard M. Erving, MA Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, MA SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER   "MILLERS FALLS CO. / MILLERS FALLS, MASS. U.S. / NO. 41 / PAT. MAR. 21-1899"
05/02/1899 
624,122 
Stevinson, Henry M. Perry, IA   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
09/05/1899 632,560 Furbish, Zachary T.Philadelphia, PANorth Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PACHUCK

07/24/1900 
654,150 
Hanna, Joseph & Jedlicka, Edward J. Chicago, IL   TOOL HANDLE    
10/09/1900 
659,521 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA RATCHET MECHANISM    
01/22/1901 
666,508 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA RATCHET MECHANISM    
05/02/1901 
674,719 
Woodruff, Gary Leroy Albany, NY   SCREWDRIVER    
10/14/1902 
711,169 
Leblanc, Adolph D. Montreal, Canada   RATCHET SCREW DRIVER    
03/10/1903 
722,332 
Stump, Ira E. Cleveland, OH to Edwwin E. Crook, Cleveland, OH BIT STOCK    
04/05/1904 
756,388 
May, William B. Denver, CO   MEANS FOR CONVERTING RECIPROCATORY INTO ROTARY MOTION    
06/06/1905 
791,766 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA PUSH SCREWDRIVER OR DRILL    
06/06/1905 
791,895 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA RATCHET TOOL    
05/01/1906 
819,536 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelpha, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA SHIFTER LOCK FOR PAWL AND RATCHET TOOLS    
12/10/1907 
873,296 
Chappelle, Charles Henry Woodburn, OR   SCREW DRIVER    
05/12/1908 
887,423 
Pratt,, William M. Greenfield, MA   AUTOMATIC SCREWDRIVER    
11/03/1908 
902,957 
Furbish, Zachary T. Philadelphia, PA North Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, PA LOCKING MECHANISM FOR RATCHET SCREW DRIVERS    
06/08/1909 
924,372 
Peck, William A.. Jersey CIty, NJ   RATCHET MECHANISM    
06/15/1909 
924,878 
Baron, Jerome I. Erie, PA   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER Retrofit extension handle for Archimedian slider/handle Probably intended for A. H. Reid model  
10/26/1909 
938,341 
Ruple, John B. Rifle, CO   SCREW DRIVER Retrofit return spring Probably intended for North Brothers No. 30  
12/07/1909 
942,571 
Leland, John A. Montague, MA Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, MA SPIRAL SCREWDRIVER See #1,578,866  
10/25/1910 
973,881 
Rioux, David SpringfIeld, MA   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
12/20/1910 
979,132 
Davis, Frank E. Indianapolis, IN   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
04/30/1912 
1,024,960 
Wolin, Max New YorK, NY   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
02/25/1913 
1,054,142 
Plein, Grover Racine, WI   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
05/13/1913 
1,061,773 
Nahlinger, John Cleveland, OH   DRIVING MECHANISM FOR SPIRAL TOOL DRIVERS    
08/18/1914 
1,107,701 
Plein, Grover Racine, WI   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
11/24/1914 
1,118,250 
Wilder, Charles San Diego, CA   SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
05/16/1916 
1,183,426 
Booth, Fredrick Michigan City, IN   TOOL HANDLE GEARING    
03/19/1918 
1,259,926 
Stump, Ira E. Cleveland, OH to Obed C. Billman MECHANICAL MOVEMENT    
01/07/1919 
1,290,489 
Bauer, William J. New York, NY Bauer Tool Company, New York, NY SPIRAL TOOL DRIVER    
05/27/1919 
1,304,714 
Starrett, Laroy Athol, MA L. S. Starrett Company TOOL DRIVER    
05/09/1922 
1,415,251 
McLean, Warren L. San Francisco, CA   SCREW DRIVER    
07/11/1922 
1,422,411 
Borick, Frank V. New York, NY   SCREW DRIVER    
06/10/1924 
1,497,479 
Booth, Fredrick Michigan City, IN   TOOL HOLDER    
03/30/1926 
1,578,866 
Swain, Donald B. Millers Falls, MA Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, MA LOCKING DEVICE AND TOOL   MILLERS FALLS CO. / GREENFIELD, MASS. / MADE IN U.S.A. / NO. (61M)(61A)(610A)(67) /PATENTED / MAR 30 1926 / MILLERS FALLS TOOLS / SINCE 1868
06/10/1930 
1,762,315 
Swain, Donald B. & Ryther, Henry A. Millers Falls, MA Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, MA RATCHET SCREW DRIVER    
09/01/1931 
1,821,194 
Wilcox, George R. GreenfIeld, MA Millers Falls Company, Millers Falls, MA AUTOMATIC SCREW DRIVER    

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1966 Clifford D. Fales, All rights reserved